High blood pressure can be dangerous if left untreated. It puts you at risk of stroke, heart attacks, and other health issues. It is often termed a silent killer because they usually have no symptoms. It is important to be aware about high blood pressure to treat and control it.
GS Hospital, the best Heart Care Center in Delhi NCR, aims to bring out awareness about high blood pressure to prevent it. As per research, it has been confirmed that the majority of the patients do not realize blood pressure problems. Hence, it is important to get timely check-ups with medications. GS Hospital, the Top Heart Care Hospital in UP, takes the initiative to perform a blood pressure check-up for each and every patient consulting the doctors at the hospital.
Awareness about blood pressure is very important which helps in identifying the cause and eliminating it.
High blood pressure or hypertension is considered as the impact or force of blood pushing against your artery walls. This forceful blood rush may damage the arteries over some time. It is important to treat this condition to avoid any serious complications leading to heart attack or stroke.
Blood pressure is a measurement of the pressure or force of the blood pushing against the blood vessels or arteries. Generally, BP has two readings which are as follows:
This is mainly measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
It is important to get your blood pressure checked regularly to monitor and control it. This can be done in a good hospital under the direct care of a certified physician with accurate blood pressure devices. These check-ups are very important to avoid any complications of high blood pressure.
The ideal blood pressure range is 120/80 mm of hg.
Knowing about the type of blood pressure is very important to control it in the right way. The different types of hypertension are as follows:
The causes of blood pressure are as follows:
Sodium is considered an essential mineral. However, an increase in salty foods can cause sodium to increase the blood pressure. Sodium pulls water into the bloodstream. This increase in the water volume of blood in the blood vessels exerts more pressure on the arteries leading to hypertension.
A sedentary lifestyle may cause plaque buildup or hardening of arteries. When your arteries become stiff or narrow, the heart’s functioning doubles up raising the blood pressure.
Smoking, alcohol, tobbacco, and recreational drugs are known as stimulants. This increases the blood pressure and heart rate causing hypertension. These stimulants acts on adrenergic agonist causing catecholamine and vasopressin release relating to adrenaline rush.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), immunosuppressants, or oral contraceptives alter the renal activity and kidney function which reduces the renal output, kindley blood flow, and glomerular filtrate rate. This causes sodium retention. Retention of salt may trigger the blood pressure and force exerted by the arteries causing hypertension.
Kidney diseases and problems may cause issues with renal function leading to the inability to eliminate all the wastes and extra fluid from the body. Extra fluid and wastes can raise your blood pressure more causing damage to kidney function. The inability to excrete waste can impact the overall kidney functioning.
Obstructive sleep apnea causes a sudden upsurge in systolic and diastolic pressure which keeps the blood pressure elevated at night and during sleep. Apart from this, the blood pressure remains elevated during the daytime as well when breathing is normal.
High blood pressure is a major problem seen in the elderly age group above 50+ years of age. This is mainly due to aging and degenerative activity of the blood vessels. The vascular system tends to change with age. Arteries get stiffer and narrower causing blood pressure to go up.
Genes play a very important in cardiac issues. People with a strong and positive family history of high blood pressure are at higher risk of developing cardiac problems. In such cases, regular monitoring and preventive solutions for cardiac problems are a must.
Chronic medical illness or acute issues like fever can cause an increase in blood pressure. As per research, it has been confirmed that bacterial or viral infections can cause an increase in heart rate and rhythm leading to hypertension. Chronic medical illness can lead to malignant blood pressure.
Being overweight due to a high body mass index puts an extra strain on your heart. This causes an increased risk of developing high blood pressure which may damage your vessels leading to serious cardiovascular problems.
The complications of high blood pressure are as follows:
Here are some important lifestyle changes that can help lower your blood pressure by bringing about lifestyle changes.