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The Origin of Thyroid Disorders: Common Types and Symptoms

Published On : February 07, 2024

Thyroid disorders are very common these days. Moreover, it is commonly seen in women and its incidence is on high rise mainly due to hormonal imbalance. Yes! You got that right. Women are more prone to hormonal imbalances and endocrinology disorders. In this context, GS Hospital, the best hospital in Ghaziabad, takes the initiative to bring about awareness about thyroid disorders among all. This hospital is one of the Top ENT hospitals in Ghaziabad known for its thyroid treatment and cure with a great success rate.

In this blog, we have rounded up top expertise on thyroid from the best general physicians at Ghaziabad to spread the word of thought on living with thyroid disorders. Let us take a deep dive into the origin of thyroid disorders, common types of thyroid problems, their symptoms, and solutions.

The Origin of Thyroid Disorders: Common Types and Symptoms

All you need to know about the thyroid gland:

The majority of us get dreaded when we are informed about thyroid disorders. The first thing that comes to our mind in case of thyroid issues is long-term thyroid medications which are to be taken all our life. But, Fret Not! These so-called “thyroid medications” are nothing but thyroid supplements that are provided externally to the patients to boost thyroid functioning. Let us take a sneak peek into the thyroid gland structure and its function.

Structure of thyroid gland:

Anatomically speaking, the thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is located at the base of the neck and is easily palpable. It is located in front of the neck, wrapped around the windpipe. It has two butterfly-shaped wings extended to the right and left of the throat.

This thyroid gland is regulated by the pituitary gland (located in the brain) which stimulates the release of T3 and T4 hormones to regulate metabolism. The pituitary gland releases the thyroid stimulating hormone, often known as TSH, which is one of the parameters of the thyroid profile.

Most of the thyroid patients agree with the fluctuating TSH levels in their reports. Excited to know more? Well, let us get into the functions of the thyroid. Stay tuned until the end of the article to discover some amazing lifestyle solutions naturally by boosting the thyroid for weight loss.

Functions of thyroid:

You got that right! The functions of the thyroid gland are as follows:

  • Boosting metabolism power to convert food into energy.
  • Maintain a healthy weight to stay fit.
  • Allows to stay active during the day by maintaining energy levels.
  • Regulates your hormonal balance and endocrine system.
  • Maintain gut health.
  • Promotes a healthy immune system.

What is a thyroid disorder?:

Thyroid disorder is a medical term given to fluctuations in the TSH levels, T3 levels, and T4 levels which impacts the functioning of the thyroid gland and creates havoc in the endocrine systems. Even if one hormone such as stress hormone goes for the toss, the entire hormonal cycle may get affected. These causes have a direct impact on the sex hormones, sleep hormones, skin hormones, gastric hormones, appetite hormones, happy hormones, and so on.

Yes, thyroid disorder can affect multiple systems causing comorbidities. Let us take a look into the types of thyroid disorders in the next part of the article.

Types of thyroid disorders:

Wondering what causes thyroid disorders? Let us check it in the next part of the article.

Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid:

Hypothyroidism as the name suggests occurs when there is underactivity of the thyroid gland. This causes a spike in TSH levels and the thyroid gland responds slowly. In such cases, the activity of the entire body is very slow causing the following symptoms:

  • Slowness of mind, dullness, and depression
  • Lethargy and tiredness due to low energy levels
  • Reduced gastric activity causing constipation
  • Hairfall
  • Irregular menses
  • Reduced metabolic activity causing obesity
  • Sweet cravings
  • Dry skin due to reduced secretion of oil glands
  • Puffy swollen face in the morning
  • Hoarse voice
  • Sleepy all the time due to reduced activity of the mind

Hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid:

Hyperthyroidism as the name suggests occurs when there is overactivity of the thyroid gland. This causes a dip in TSH levels and the thyroid gland responds at a faster pace. In such cases, the activity of the entire body is very fast causing the following symptoms:

  • Anxiety, hyperactivity, and restlessness
  • Hyperactivity due to high energy levels
  • Increased gastric activity causes loose motions
  • Hairfall
  • Irregular and profuse menses
  • Increased metabolic activity causing obesity
  • Reduced hunger pangs
  • Oil skin due to increased secretion of oil glands
  • Lean face in the morning
  • Husky voice
  • Sleeplessness all the time due to overactivity of the mind


Thyroiditis occurs due to inflammation or swelling of thyroid glands. This is mainly due to attacks on thyroid cells caused by auto-immune disorder. It may be recurrent and for a short span of 1-3 months. Thyroiditis may be drug-induced, or due to acute infections preceded by respiratory tract infection causing painful swelling of the thyroid gland.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis:

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an auto-immune disorder due to inflammation and swelling of thyroid glands which is generally painless. This causes hypothyroidism and underactivity of the thyroid gland. It is also called autoimmune thyroiditis.

Graves’s disease:

Graves’s disease as the name suggests occurs due to overproduction of thyroid hormones which causes diffuse toxic goiter and enlarged thyroid gland. The symptoms of the Grave’s disease are as follows:

  • Rapid heartbeat or palpitations
  • Fine tremor
  • Bulging eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Enlargement of thyroid gland

Thyroid nodules:

Thyroid nodules are usually a sign of overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism. This results in the formation of a single toxic nodular or multinodular goiter.

Postpartum Thyroiditis:

Postpartum Thyroiditis occurs in women after childbirth in the postpartum phase. This generally leads to obesity and associated postpartum depression.

Neonatal thyroid disorder:

Neonatal thyroid disorder is considered a rare disorder in which newborns are born with a non-functioning thyroid gland where thyroid activity is absent. This may lead to future complications if left untreated. Newborns need to undergo thyroid screening tests at birth.

Causes of thyroid disorders:

The causes of thyroid disorders are:

  • Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause
  • Stress which causes a spike of cortisol or stress hormones
  • Aging which causes an impact on the secretion of hormones
  • Genetic history
  • Having auto-immune medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis
  • Having comorbidities such as diabetes, or hypertension
  • Having vitamin deficiencies like anemia
  • Taking long-term medications

It is important to know about the causes of thyroid disorders. Eliminating the causes of thyroid disorders can help in reducing the intensity of the problem. Along with treatment, lifestyle changes are a must to eliminate thyroid issues.

Complications of thyroid disorder:

Thyroid patients find it quite difficult to lose weight. This leads to multiple problems such as hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Blood sugar levels, blood pressure levels, and cholesterol problems are important parameters for cardiac health. Thyroid problems may directly or indirectly impact cardiac health issues. It will also cause fertility issues like PCOD and other problems.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is a must for proper functioning of the thyroid gland and keeping thyroid problems at bay. Just simply keeping fit and following weight management with thyroid medications can work wonders to help recover from thyroid.


GS Hospital, the best hospital in Ghaziabad has a team of top general physicians in UP who are dedicated to the detection and diagnosis of thyroid at an early stage. Thanks to the team of the best general physicians in UP, this hospital is considered as one of the best top ENT hospitals in Ghaziabad with an excellent success rate in thyroid cases. The hospital not only has incredible expertise in treating common thyroid disorders but also has excellence in treating rare and complicated thyroid disorders.

GS Hospital educates all its patients to get routine blood check-ups done to eliminate the thyroid problem. Thyroid disorder is a life-long position that needs to be managed well.

Living with thyroid is a daunting task at times. From hormonal fluctuation to mood swings, things can be quite difficult while battling the thyroid. Get connected to one of our best general physicians in Ghaziabad to address your thyroid issues and solve them successfully.

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